LAW 521-002 – Civil Procedure I

Factors for Fairness


If the minimum contacts test is met, the result is evaluated for fairness by balancing the following factors:

  1. The burden of the defendant
  2. Forum state's interest in adjudicating case
  3. Plaintiff's interest in obtaining convenient and effective relief

These factors do not create personal jurisdiction but can revoke it

Reference: World-Wide Volkswagen

(Two more also exist but not for this class:

  1. Overall (interstate) judicial interest in efficiency
  2. Shared interests of the states