⭐Louisville & Nashville Railroad v. Mottley
Defendant gave plaintiffs lifetime tickets as compensation for injuries sustained on defendant's railroad. Congress outlawed free tickets because they were being used for bribery. Defendant deactivated plaintiffs' free tickets. Plaintiffs sued in federal court.
Federal trial court overruled defendant's demurrer.
Whether the circuit court had jurisdiction
Defendant's refusal to honor plaintiffs' tickets in against the spirit of the law. If it doesn't, the law is unconstitutional.
For the circuit court to have jurisdiction for this case, plaintiff would have to anticipate defendant's defenses ahead of time.
Reversed and remitted with instruction to dismiss for want of jurisdiction.
Circuit courts cannot hear anticipated defense that were not part of a "well-pleaded complaint."