Taxation of Estates and Gifts
Income in Respect of a Decedent
The estate will file the return on income that comes in while the estate still owns it. If income still is being paid after such rights are distributed, the beneficiaries must pay the income tax on them.
It is ideal for the estate to earn as little income as possible, because high tax rates kick in very quickly for them. 26 U.S.C. § 1(e).
This applies even if it is a contractual agreement to pay a survivor, and it does not go through the estate.
Dividends, unlike rent and interest, do not accrue until they are "declared and recorded."
- Declaring a dividend means that the dividend is announced.
- The date a dividend is recorded is the date that the stock must be owned to receive the dividend.