Taxation of Estates and Gifts Generation-Skipping Transfer
generation-skipping transfer, where one gives to his grandchild, is subject to a GST tax. 26 U.S.C. § 2601.
GST is a taxable distribution, taxable termination, or direct skip.
direct skip is a transfer subject to a gift or estate tax that is made to a skip person.
This includes distributions from revocable
trusts where the settlor has to include them as gifts. Direct Skip Nontaxable Gift
A transfer excluded from
gift tax by the annual exclusion amount or by medical/education exclusions is also excluded from the GST tax. 26 U.S.C. § 2642(c). DSNG Separate Share Rule
A transfer to
trust does not qualify as a DSNG however unless it is distributable only to that individual during his life and the trust assets will be includable in that individual's federal gross estate if he dies before the trust terminates. 26 U.S.C. § 2542(c)(2)(A)–(B).
Just because a transfer to
trust is eligible for for the annual exclusion amount does not mean that it is a DSNG.
skip person is an individual two or more generations below the the transferor. 26 U.S.C. § 2613(a)(1).
If someone is not a descendent of the transferor's grandparents, he is assigned two generations below the transferor if he was born more than 37½ years after the transferor was.
26 U.S.C. § 2651(d).
However, if one has been married at any time to the transferor or a non-skip relative of the transferor, he is assigned the same generation as the transferor and is not a
skip person. 26 U.S.C. § 2651(c). Or if one is the descendant of a transferor's spouse's or former spouse's grandparents, he is not a
skip person if he is not two generations or more below the spouse. 26 U.S.C. § 2651(c).
trust also counts as a skip person if all interests are held by skip people. 26 U.S.C. § 2613(a)(2).
Entities are treated as being owned by the individuals owning them.
26 U.S.C. § 2651(f)(2).
skip person has an interest in a trust if he can receive current distributions of income or principal. 26 U.S.C. § 2552(c).
This is different that what is a "present interest" for
annual exclusion purposes.
GSTs are always taxed at 40%. 26 U.S.C. § 2641; 26 U.S.C. § 2001(c).
GST taxes are paid out of the property constituting the GST unless explicitly stated otherwise. 26 U.S.C. § 2603(b).
If you only know the amount including taxes with
direct skips, divide the amount by 1.4 to find the after-tax amount given, and multiply that by .4 to find the amount of the GST tax.
Gift tax has to be paid on GST tax amounts.
Gift tax does not have to be paid on gift tax amounts. So don't keep adding it up forever, just once.