Wills, Trusts, and Estates


All states and UPC § 2-502(a) require the testator to sign the will for it to be valid.

Like in contracts, a signature is any mark made with the intent to be a signature.

It is often recommended to use a blue pen when signing, so you can easily tell the original from copies.


Subscription is the requirement of the UK's 1837 Wills Act that required the will to be signed at the end of the will. The entire will is invalid if there is anything written below the signature.

Unlike the common law, modern American law does not require subscription.