Constitutional Law II
Hate speech is not a separate category of unprotected speech for First Amendment purposes.
Hate speech must fall within another recognized category to lose First Amendment protection.
Group libel is not unprotected speech.
A group libel conviction was upheld in Beauharnias v. Illinois, but for a number of reasons, this is probably not good law anymore.
Fighting words are statements likely to cause the average addressee to fight. They must be given personally, face-to-face though.
Negligence might be enough mens rea.
Fighting words are unprotected speech.
Statutes can outlaw a subset of fighting words as long as that subset of fighting words is not content-based (based on viewpoint). (It gets strict scrutiny, even if the speech is worthless.)
Being motivated by race can be a basis for enhanced sentencing, just not an element of the crime itself.