At common law, robbery is the:
- Taking and
- Carrying away of the
- Personal property
- Of another
- From the presence of the other
- Accomplished by means of force or putting in fear
- Snatching or taking by stealth is usually held to not be sufficient force to constitute robbery unless so attached as to require some force.
- If resistance is given by the victim, then it constitutes force.
- A threat must be of injury to a person, not the property.
- With intent to steal.
Model Penal Code
MPC § 222.1(1)
- Robbery Defined. A person is guilty of robbery if, in the course of committing a theft, he:
- inflicts serious bodily injury upon another; or
- threatens another with or purposely puts him in fear of immediate serious bodily injury; or
- commits or threatens immediately to commit any felony of the first or second degree.An act shall be deemed “in the course of committing a theft” if it occurs in an attempt to commit theft or in flight after the attempt or commission.