Voir dire, Latin for "to speak the truth", is the process of selecting a jury.
The court may permit the parties to ask questions of potential jurors or it may do it itself.
A challenge for cause is a challenge to a potential juror on the ground that he is not impartial.
A peremptory challenge is a challenge to a potential juror for any reason provided by 28 U.S.C. § 1870.
Each party gets a maximum of three peremptory challenges.
Peremptory challenges cannot be based on race or gender.