Spot zoning is when a small tract owned by a single person is given different restrictions than a surrounding area that is uniformly zoned differently.
For spot zoning to be legal, it requires a clear showing of a reasonable basis therefor.
Factors used is determining reasonableness are:
- the size of the tract in question;
- the compatibility of the disputed zoning action with an existing comprehensive zoning plan;
- the benefits and detriments resulting from the zoning action for the owner of the newly zoned property, his neighbors, and the surrounding community; and
- the relationship between the uses envisioned under the new zoning and the uses currently present in adjacent tracts.