Discharge by Supervening Frustration
Where, after a contract is made, a party's principal purpose is substantially frustrated without his fault by the occurrence of an event the non-occurrence of which was a basic assumption on which the contract was made, his remaining duties to render performance are discharged, unless the language or the circumstances indicate the contrary.
Existing Impracticability or Frustration
- Where, at the time a contract is made, a party's performance under it is impracticable without his fault because of a fact of which he has no reason to know and the non-existence of which is a basic assumption on which the contract is made, no duty to render that performance arises, unless the language or circumstances indicate the contrary.
- Where, at the time a contract is made, a party's principal purpose is substantially frustrated without his fault by a fact of which he has no reason to know and the non-existence of which is a basic assumption on which the contract is made, no duty of that party to render performance arises, unless the language or circumstances indicate the contrary.
Effect of Urging Performance in Spite of Repudiation
The injured party does not change the effect of a repudiation by urging the repudiator to perform in spite of his repudiation or to retract his repudiation.
Effect on Other Party's Duties of a Prospective Failure Justified by Impracticability or Frustration
- A party's prospective failure of performance may, except as stated in Subsection (2), discharge the other party's duties or allow him to suspend performance under the rules stated in [R2C § 251(1)] and [R2C § 253(2)] even though the failure would be justified under the rules stated in this Chapter.
- The rule stated in Subsection (1) does not apply if the other party assumed the risk that he would have to perform in spite of such a failure.
Temporary Impracticability or Frustration
Impracticability of performance or frustration of purpose that is only temporary suspends the obligor's duty to perform while the impracticability or frustration exists but does not discharge his duty or prevent it from arising unless his performance after the cessation of the impracticability or frustration would be materially more burdensome than had there been no impracticability or frustration.
- If impracticability ends and it is not materially more difficult to perform, performance must be rendered.
Relief Including Restitution
- In any case governed by the rules stated in this Chapter, either party may have a claim for relief including restitution under the rules stated in [R2C § 240] and [R2C § 377].
- In any case governed by the rules stated in this Chapter, if those rules together with the rules stated in Chapter 16 will not avoid injustice, the court may grant relief on such terms as justice requires including protection of the parties' reliance interests.