Civil Procedure I

Protective Order

The court may, for good cause, issue an order to protect a party or person from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense, including one or more of the following:

  1. forbidding the disclosure or discovery;
  2. specifying terms, including time and place or the allocation of expenses, for the disclosure or discovery;
  3. prescribing a discovery method other than the one selected by the party seeking discovery;
  4. forbidding inquiry into certain matters, or limiting the scope of disclosure or discovery to certain matters;
  5. designating the persons who may be present while the discovery is conducted;
  6. requiring that a deposition be sealed and opened only on court order;
  7. requiring that a trade secret or other confidential research, development, or commercial information not be revealed or be revealed only in a specified way; and
  8. requiring that the parties simultaneously file specified documents or information in sealed envelopes, to be opened as the court directs.

Rule 26(c).