Foundations of Law I
Israel had a 10% social tithe. Leviticus 27; Numbers 18.
Israel had a 3⅓% poor tithe. Deuteronomy 14; Deuteronomy 26.
All with income paid the tithes, investing themselves in the social order.
These tithes were mandatory, but the state did not control them. It was up to the individual to bring them.
The tithes supported the social order, not the civil order. This gave the people control over the social order.